Entry into force of the Regulation (EC) No 392/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23rd April 2009 on the Liability of Carriers of Passengers by Sea in the Event of Accidents
11th December 2012 We refer Members to our circular of 1st October 2012 on the PLR, that will apply in all European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) Member States from 31st December 2012. The Regulation essentially gives effect to the key provisions of the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974 as amended by the 2002 Protocol (the ‘Convention’), together with the 2006 IMO Reservation and Guidelines for Implementation of the Convention covering war risks (the ‘Guidelines’).
As Members have previously been informed, a significant feature of the PLR is that it also extends the provisions of the Convention to certain categories of passenger ships engaged in domestic seagoing voyages , unless the Member State or EEA State takes steps to defer application of the Regulation to such voyages.
As of 29th November 2012, nine States have now ratified or acceded to the Convention, which will enter into force twelve months after the tenth State has ratified/acceded. The Convention will therefore enter into force after the Regulation takes effect. It remains possible that the Convention will enter into force in the 2013/14 policy year and, when it does so, there will be two distinct and separate regimes (the PLR and Athens Convention) in force and applicable.
An update to Members will be issued closer to the time of entry into force of the Convention.
Insurance and Certification requirements
Our circular of 1st October 2012 outlined the insurance and certification requirements stemming from the Regulation; the ships covered by the Regulation and the need for ships failing within the scope of the Regulation to maintain insurance which meets the requirements of the PLR and to obtain a certificate issued by an EU/EEA Member State attesting thta such insurance is in force.
1.EU membership is comprised of the 27 States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. EEA States: Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein. Croatia will accede to the EU on 1st July 2013 and will apply the Regulation from 31/12/2012. The Regulation also applies to Gibraltar and, in terms of French overseas territories, the insurance and certification requirements also apply to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Réunion, French Guyana, the Territory of the Wallis and Futana Islands, French Antarctic Territories, New Caledonia, Mayotte, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
2. The Athens Convention 2002 applies only to “international carriage”. Article 1.9 defines international carriage as meaning “any carriage in which, according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure and the place of destination are situated in two different States, or in a single State if, according to the contract of carriage or the scheduled itinerary, there is an intermediate port of call in another State”.
Member States will issue one PLR State certificate on receipt of a war risk and a separate non-war risk Blue Card. The State issued certificate must be carried on board at all times.
Our circular of 1st October 2012 outlined the insurance and certification requirements stemming from the Regulation; the ships covered by the Regulation and the need for ships falling within the scope of the Regulation to maintain insurance which meets the requirements of the PLR and to obtain a certificate issued by an EU/EEA Member State attesting that such insurance is in force.
The International Group has liaised closely with Member States since the PLR was adopted in April 2009 and understands that some States are now in a position to issue their State certificates and that others will be in a position to do so shortly. Member States are also in the process of issuing guidance to owners informing them of the procedures for applying for a State certificate. Members should contact their registry to obtain the necessary information on the certification procedures to ensure that they are in compliance with the Regulation on 31st December 2012.
Operators of vessels registered in an EU/EEA Member State should obtain their certificate from that State, which will then be accepted as evidence of insurance when calling at any port or terminal in an EU/EEA Member State.
In the case of vessels registered in a non-EU/EEA State, the International Group understands that a number of Member States will issue certificates to such vessels if calling at a port in that State after 31st December 2012. Members with such vessels which will be calling at EU/EEA Member State ports should contact the registries of such States in advance of submitting their applications.
The Application to Domestic carriage
The PLR will apply to Class A and Class B vessels engaged in domestic seagoing voyages from 31.12.12 in EU/EEA States, unless States choose to defer application as follows:
– Class A vessels until four years after the date of application of the PLR, i.e. 31.12.16, and
– Class B vessels until six years after the date of application of the PLR, i.e. 31.12.18.
In addition, States have the option of extending the scope of the PLR to include all ships in domestic seagoing traffic. In practice this means including Class C and Class D vessels. Our circular of 1st October 2012 defined Class A, B, C and D vessels under Article 4 of EU Directive 98/18/EC.
Not all EU/EEA States have taken a policy decision yet on application of the PLR to those classes of vessels engaged in domestic seagoing voyages, but the updated position of those States that have taken a decision is as follows:
PLR to apply to domestic carriage and Class A, B, C and D vessels from 31.12.12:
• Netherlands • Finland • Denmark
PLR to apply to Class A and B from 31.12.12:
• Croatia • Poland • Sweden • France
PLR not to apply to domestic carriage until 31.12.2016 for Class A vessels and 31.12.18 for Class B vessels:
• UK • Italy • Spain • Belgium • Latvia • Germany • Estonia • Cyprus (to be formally decided soon) • Greece • Ireland (although no Class A vessels on their registry at present)
Not decided yet:
No Class A or B vessels on their registry:
PLR requirement to provide passenger information
PLR Article 7 introduces an obligation on carriers and performing carriers to provide information to passengers, which explains their rights under the Regulation. To facilitate the provision of this information, the European Commission is required to prepare and publish a publicly accessible summary of the PLR, including a summary of the information to be promulgated by carriers and performing carriers. The International Group continues to liaise with the European Commission and understands that this will be published shortly. An update will be provided to Members as soon as this is the case.
The Shipowners’ Protection Limited For and on behalf of The Shipowners’ Mutual Protection and Indemnity Association (Luxembourg) As previously advised, Members engaged in carriage in a single State or the domestic waters of an EU/EEA State are encouraged to contact the authorities in that State to determine the State’s application of the PLR to domestic waters.